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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Is the largest Arab country of the Middle East. It called "The Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Mecca and Medina, It has an estimated population of 28 million, and its size is approximately 2,149,690 square kilo meters (830,000 sq mi).


Saudi Arabia's command economy is petroleum-based. To diversify the economy, Saudi Arabia launched a new city on the western coast with investments exceeding $26.6 billion. The city which is named "King Abdullah Economic City". The new city, where construction work started in December 2005, includes a port which is the largest port of the kingdom. Extending along a coastline of 35 km, the city will also include petrochemical, pharmaceutical, tourism, finance and education and research areas. Saudi Arabia officially became a World Trade Organization member in December 2005.




1.00 (SR) Saudi Riyal = 0.2670 (US) Dollar

Largest Cities









Shemagh (Arabic: شماغ)  Is a traditional head dress typically worn by Arab men. It is made of a square of cloth scarf usually cotton, folded and wrapped in various styles around the head. It is commonly worn in areas with an arid climate, to provide protection from direct sun exposure, and also protection of the mouth and eyes from blown dust and sand.

Agal (Arabic: عقال‎) Is an Arab headdress constructed of cord which is fastened around the Ghutrah to hold it in place. The agal is usually black in color.

Thawb (Arabic: ثوب‎) Is the standard Arabic word for garment. It is ankle length, usually with long sleeves similar to a robe.

Bisht (Arabic: بشت‎) Is a traditional Arabic men’s cloak usually only worn for prestige on special occasions such as weddings.

Abayah (Arabic: عباية‎) Is a women's garment. It is a black cloak which loosely covers the entire body except the head. Usually, the sleeves are decorated with stitched embroidery and different bright colors or even crystals, and the rest of the cloak is plain.


Music and Dance

AlArdha (Arabic: العرضة‎) Is a type of folkloric dance performed by the Bedouin tribes of the Arabian peninsula, It was tradition only performed before going to war, but nowadays is performed at celebrations or cultural events, such as the Jenadriyah festival. The dance, which is performed by men carrying swords or canes, is accompanied by drums and spoken verse.

Mizmar (Arabic: مزمار‎) Is the name of a folkloric dance native to the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia. The dance involves moving while twirling a bamboo cane (tool)cane, to the music of drums.

Samri (Arabic: سامري‎) Is the name of a folkloric music and dance. It involves singing poetry while the daff drum is being played. Two rows of men, seated on the knees sway to the rhythm.



Arabic bread (Khobz) or rise, Is eaten with almost all meals. Other staples include lamb, chicken. Traditional coffee houses used to be ubiquitous, but are now being displaced by food-hall style cafes. Arabic tea is also a famous custom, which is used in both casual and formal meetings between friends, family and even strangers.


Useful Words

English Arabic in English Arabic
Welcome Ahlan w sahlan  ًأهلاً و سهلا
Hello Hala هلا
How are you? Kaif Halk?
كيفك حالك؟
Yes Na'am  نعم
NO La لا
Thank you Shokran شكراً
Good Bye Ma'a Alsalamah مع السلامة


Emergency Numbers

Service Number
Police 999
Ambulance 997
Fire 998
Accidents 993